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Using Handler Events


The handler system allows reacting to changes in a setting.


Settings are meaningless without seeing them used. Generally, this is done by simply reading the value using Get-PSFConfigValue. However, sometimes it may be more valuable to be able to react to changed settings, for example by copying the new value to somewhere else, to kill old connections or establish new ones.

This is where the handler system comes in. It allows you to specify a scriptblock that gets executed after validation succeeded.

Example implementation:

Set-PSFConfig -Module MyModule -Name Test.Setting -Value "Foo" -Handler { Write-PSFMessage -Level Host -Message "Changed setting to $($args[0])" }

In this example, it will execute:

{ Write-PSFMessage -Level Host -Message "Changed setting to $($args[0])" }

When the setting is changed. So, let’s go and change the setting:

Set-PSFConfig -Module MyModule -Name Test.Setting -Value "Bar"

And it should print something like this:

[08:07:50][<Unknown>] Changed setting to Bar

You can register any kind of complexity-laden scriptblocks instead. Access the new value by accessing the $args[0] variable.

Implementation Notes

Order of execution

The actual setting is changed after running the handler scriptblock, so you can use Get-PSFConfigValue to access the previous value.

An exception thrown during the handler event will stop the command and prevent value changes. Exceptions thrown will be logged to the logging system and can be retrieved using Get-PSFMessage -Errors. Raw exceptions will be passed through (and can be handled using try/catch), by setting -EnableException on the Set-PSFConfig call.

Event Scope

The handler event is run in the scope of the PSFramework, not the defining module. Keep this in mind, as you will not have direct access to your module’s variables or interna. You do have access to global variables though.

You can execute some of your code within the handler in your module by invoking a scriptblock in its scope. This can done like this:

$module = Get-Module mymodule
& $module {
	# Code running in the scope of module mymodule

If you do use this, keep in mind, that the module may not be available at all:

Runspaces & Handlers

Given the nature of the Event Scope, it is also clear that the code will execute in the runspace, in which Set-PSFConfig is executed. If your module is imported in multiple runspaces, it will not execute the handler in other runspaces.

If the handler affects runspace local resources, this might leave different runspaces in an inconsistent state.

The PSFramework module also offers tools to synchronize data between runspaces, for example using the Get-PSFDynamicContentObject and Set-PSFDynamicContentObject commands.


Back to Configuration

Version 1.1
Written on: 2018-05-23
Updated on: 2018-06-01